Systema Russian Martial Art "Sibirskiy Viun". The Martial Art that changes lives
Russian fight is not as common as karate Taekwondo or wushu. But this old Slavic tradition was practiced in Russia for a long time. On their Head of School of Russian fight "Sibirskiy Viun" (RMA System SV) Dmitry Skogorev spoke with us about some interesting points regarding this peculiar style of fighting.
B.I.: What is special about Russian unarmed combat ?
D.S.: Its peculiarity is that it is based on the traditions of Russian martial art that includes many aspects. And it's not just the military aspects, but also those that are associated with the traditions of fisticuffs, stenoshnogo fight (when fighting "wall to wall"), game elements. We are accustomed to thinking of it as a popular game, but it was a long time yet and training militias to future service and defense of their homeland. This cane fights, different directions of struggle and the actual art of war: The ability to wield the blade, knife, firearm and all this training has long been built up since the early years can participate in the games children, teenagers, boys and then to men . We do not know his story, and so rarely hear about Russian battle. Much more is known, advertised, largely thanks to the movie, oriental martial arts. But fighting traditions were in every nation and Russian is no exception. Another problem is that not enough information is extant documented. We can only assume, based on folklore, as it looked, but can hardly speak of a complete identity that we reproduce. Although folklore, ritual games a lot of information about traditional Russian martial art. And since it is inextricably with folklore, the study is inextricably with the understanding not only of how to protect themselves, but also its history, a kind of its roots. Therefore, we study in the classroom and struggle, and philosophical aspects of martial arts and the history of the Russian people. And it's interesting to our students, because the people who originally come here to learn the art of self-defense and then realize that Russian dogfight is more a philosophy. Especially for adults. Children come without deep concepts of life and the desire to learn something else, it is just interesting as a way to move. But adults often come consciously, knowing that they will get here not only combat skills, but also knowledge about our culture, history, and philosophy. In our classes, we have to study a lot of things related to folklore, history, with dance as an integral movement culture, philosophy and it is absolutely necessary, because in Russian melee combat there are many movements that looks like other martial arts, but when we begin to examine them, then explain that its internal orientation they differ. This is due to many aspects, such as our genetic type, manner of moving, which can not be different from other peoples.
B.I.: Are there any age limits for employment Russian melee combat?
D.S.: The youngest guys we - 4.5-5 years old, the oldest - the retirement age. Yes, we are not a sports section and set goals to work "for the results. "So many come to us just move, communicate with peers, to their health. And the health benefits of such activities is huge, because we do three-dimensional movement, that is not just pump up muscles, and use exercises in which our body is constantly twisted, stretched, wrinkled, flips, that is expanding in all directions. The first trains vestibular apparatus and of course, raises the general tone of the body, working the entire body, even those muscles that are not usually involved .
B.I.: Are there any restrictions on the state of health?
D.S.: If we take the kids up to 12 years, all that is required it is a statement from a doctor that the child can attend sports activities. If adults come, then the responsibility lies with them. In this case, you just need to know your weaknesses and avoid exercises that can harm them. For example, if the person had a spinal injury, he should not perform those exercises where there is falling on a hard floor. And anyone can engage.
B.I.: Who are easier to deal with - with children or with adults ?
D.S.: Every age has its own characteristics and therefore our programs are designed with ageappropriate. For example, with children we can not parse some deeper things such as body mechanics, because they do not yet understand . But children are prone to contact the neighbor , so many children struggle - they need it , their body requires . Teenagers important competitive moment because they want to stand out from the crowd, to prove themselves. With these classes are built quite differently . Generally we have some mentoring programs, spent years and constantly refined. And when September starts regular school year and come to us new people , they begin to learn the basics. Recognize that such a movement , body mechanics and learn to navigate properly fall, tumbling. Also, we study the basic fundamentals of shock technology, are working on the ability to make impact, impact resistant. And gradually complicate classes - begins defense knife, stick, avoiding grabs. So a lot of aspects of the program is extensive and of course, it's not immediately falls for beginners and gradually presented. Well, even in the classroom we have a fist fight , sparring, in which we learn to apply all learned into practice . This is very important if you have to apply the knowledge in everyday life, and such situations happen. Although it is worth noting that when you start working arts, changing outlook in general, and in a situation where you want to apply your knowledge, you get less and less and if they have to come into contact with the abuser, and you did not notice, how to overcome the critical situation - the body itself responds and does what you need. The fact that we do not focus on memorization of individual techniques and testing of the system of movements, understanding the psychology of the enemy, the ability to get out of a dangerous situation. As a result, at the right time you do not need to analyze which methods should be applied - the body itself reacts to the situation and selects the most appropriate action. But to achieve this, sometimes you have to change yourself internally - only body and soul will act together as one .
B.I.: That is the lesson Russian melee combat change and man's inner world ?
D.S.: Yes, it is. Outlook changes very often and at the same time changing and human life. This is not surprising, because if a person changes inside of me and its surroundings, changing the space around him. Many whole life radically rebuilt - the person begins to develop itself and as a result improve their lives, their careers , their education. In addition, people often come to us strained - stress builds not only in body but also in life and we teach liberate your body, stress goes, a person begins to respond differently to life's difficulties. Respectively around the person becomes less of a problem because it solves them and does not accumulate. It takes the world as it is and has the strength to deal with it and not give up. Training Sessions on Close Combat Objectives, Principles and Methods Study Classes are on hand to hand combat aimed at developing practical skills to combat the enemy in the melee, bringing up the courage, determination, initiative and resourcefulness. The contents of the courses include: preparatory exercises, developing speed, strength, endurance and flexibility; techniques lanyard; racks and moving them, punching, kicking and how to protect yourself; painful holds, throws (discharge); ways to disarm, the binding and escorting ; ways of using improvised means (belt, rope, etc.). Under the instruction in a broad sense refers to the consistent transfer of knowledge, developing skills to develop and improve the physical and psychological abilities of the trainees. Training is usually in groups, sometimes individually. Partners for learning the techniques are selected about the same weight and height. Later, if the service life is desirable that the partners were of different weight and height. Ways to move in high racks and techniques to master the self start already at the first class and include them in subsequent sessions. All submission techniques for teaching carried out without the use of excessive force and immediately terminated by signal partner (voice or bang on the carpet or the body), free throws are conducted from the middle to the edges of the carpet. Because of the nature of close combat, it is recommended to acquire practical skills in a strict sequence. There is a common step development of the following 13 topics: 1. Stance, battle positions (explicit, implicit). 2. Methods movements. 3. Methods of removal from the physical balance. 4. Crashes and lanyard. 5. Methods of release from seizures (girth). 6. Methods of protection against punches and kicks. 7. Ways of attacking hands down. 8. Throws, urging, discharges. 9. Training matches (in the mining topics and assigned tasks). 10. Methods of arms. 11. Methods disarm. 12. Methods of binding and escorting. 13. Work unit (two, three, five). The first four themes - the base for the next The educational process for close combat includes planning, logistics, training of trainers and instructors to conduct classes and training, as well as periodic monitoring of the development of material on hand to hand combat (certification). Planning studies carried out on the basis of guidance documents. Schools battle for the Russian Siberian Viun "such a document is a handbook for instructors, providing fouryear training program. O r g a n i z i n g sessions on close combat, should be considered: o Contact the e d u c a t i o n a l process for close combat with the nature of work and personal goals of trainees (the Russian army, law enforcement, security agencies and companies, personal safety, home self-defense, sportoriented); o systematic and regular classes in unarmed combat; o uniformity of distribution of physical activity and training material during the week (month, quarter, year); o local conditions and terms of physical development of students, as well as logistical support. Education unarmed combat is based on respect several principles: clarity, systematic, gradual, comprehension and retention. The principle of visibility is realized in three ways (methods): o demonstration with an explanation; o demonstration of simultaneous repetition; o using visual aids, videos and other teaching aids. The systems principle implies a certain consistency in training. The new material should and could be a continuation of the old, and classes - regular. Material should be placed correctly and methodically used to assimilate all forms of employment. Principle of gradual and accessibility are the successive transition from simple to complex, from easy to difficult, i.e., gradually increasing the level of difficulty of the material, as well as in the constant return to the already gone material. The principle strength of assimilation means the repetition of elements and the whole action in various combinations and in various circumstances, with the mandatory testing and evaluation of knowledge acquired. All these principles are interrelated and can be applied even in one lesson. In addition to these principles, there are three groups of methods of knowledge transfer: verbal, visual and practical. By verbal (verbal) techniques include: an explanation of the story content, or a combination of actions involved conversation with. Visual methods are based on visual and auditory sensations. These include: demonstration schemes, videos, etc., visual-motor training. Practices are focused on the kinesthetic sense and include repetition of acts at different rates with varying degrees of complexity. In addition, the training and use of instructional techniques, such as testing, mutual, insurance, etc. In close combat training adopted methodical sequence. Regulation Load at classes Classes are on hand to hand combat is similar to other studies on physical training and consist of a preparatory, primary and final parts. Organizational forms of exercise can be very diverse. Everything depends on the goals and objectives. It is important that the form is strictly compatible with the lessons. As part of preparations included: the organization involved (ad theme lessons, clarifying its objectives and targets, checking readiness for dealing with forms of occupation); walking, running, moving in combat positions (explicit and implicit), imitation of protection and impact as a whole - general developmental, special inlet and exercises. Selection exercises preparatory segment should correspond to tasks carried out in the main part of the study. Secondary exercises are performed mostly in pairs, for example, the transfer of a partner on his back, riding on shoulders, doing yoga exercises in the stands, sitting, using elements of the fight in the emphasis lying, kneeling, etc. Specific exercises include: flip-flops forward, backward and side, a flightsomersault, the self when falling in different directions. In the main part of the session addressed the most difficult tasks. We study the principles of elimination of physical balance, methods of protection, are processed percussion techniques, painful holds, throws, discharges, as well as freedom from seizures (girth), methods of first aid, linking and maintenance. The bulk of training should begin with the most complex actions and methods. Running the main part depends on the volume and intensity of the load, age, working, time spent at the beginning and end of classes. Usually the bulk of play 45-60 minutes. In the final part of training is gradually reduced functional activity engaged in by performing the following exercises: Slow jogging, walking with breathing exercises and relaxation exercises. At the end of each session is always summed up: measured steps involved are allocated individual tasks to self-preparation. Each session should be monitored by a coach or by working to assess performance over a period of one and a few lessons. The set of quantitative methods for measuring performance is ergometry. Ergometricheskoe measurements are usually carried out on three indicators: the intensity (power) applied efforts, the volume of executed tasks (distance traveled, performed mechanical work, etc.) during execution of motor tasks. Various motor tasks can be compared with each other and plan the work done in class. The state of the human body allows for an assessment of the external indicators, such as discoloration of the skin, respiratory rate, type of sweating. The most common method of calculating heart rate (HR) as HR quite objectively characterizes the state of the cardiovascular system during exercise. HR need to count before, during and immediately after class for 15 seconds, then multiply by 4. You can orient oneself in such average data: lessons to heart rate 60-70 beats per 1 minute, during the occupation - 80-140; after class - 70-80. Heart rate varies in different people and depends on age, fitness, health, etc. To determine the value received by the load on the lessons of martial fight must take into account pulse rates of the cardiovascular system. The load can be: low - heart rate to 120-130 beats / min; average - 130-150 beats / min; high - 150-180 beats / min maximum - more than 180 beats / min. These indicators should take greater account of the lessons the older age groups. In these groups performed less exercise, requiring sharp movements, as well as large power and static loads, in addition, more time spent on preparation and final part of the class.